If one has a healthy tank, where the plants are growing nicely and the temperature is controlled, they will rarely have any trouble with sick fish. However, a sick fish may be introduced or a sudden drop in temperature may cause trouble. This list, therefore, will include most of the ills fish are subject to and enable you to recognize and treat accordingly.
ICH (Ichthophthirius) is a parasite present in almost all aquariums. A sudden chill may weaken a fish and lower its resistance, thus making it more susceptible to this disease.
Symptons: Tiny white spots appear on body, tail or fins. Fish will become less active, begin to wiggle and scrape along the bottom over gravel and stones. Fins are held close to the body and the tail is pinched.
TREATMENT: Gradually raise temperature to 85 degrees. Dissolve a tablespoon full of sea salt to each gallon of water in which the fish are placed. Do not feed during this period. Purchase one of the severaL good preparations on the market and use as advised.*
FUNGUS is an infection caused by an injury. This may happen by the fish jumping out of the tank and injuring its protective slime tissue. Or perhaps a larger, unfriendly fish may inflict a slight wound. Ocher causes are fish being scared and dashing into the side of the tank, bruising head or mouth.
SYMPTOMS: Small cottonlike or darkcr sorelike blotches on the body of the fish. This wilt spread over the entire body if not checked and prove fatal to the fish. If a grayish white film appears around the lips, that is white mouth or mouth fungus.
Treatment: There are several remedies available for the.treatment of fungus. Follow the manufacturer’s directions.
THIN AND SUNKEN BODIES is commonly called CONSUMPTION. SYMPTOMS: Hollow or shrunken bodies. This is due to old age or poor aquarium conditions, Fish in this state are pretty far gone. You may test your ingenuity in curing it by placing it alone in your hospital tank and tempting it with choice morsels such as Daphnia or Worms. This has been known to produce results in some cases.
TAIL OR FIN ROT. This condition, like fungus, is from an injury or a bite from another fish. Sometimes, where the aquarium water is highly acid, fish will exhibit the following
SYMPTOMS: As the name implies, this disease attacks and rots away the tail and fins. They become frayed and usually show a grayish white substance around the edges. TREATMENT: In mild cases, fish do not have to bc removed. Use Fungus Remedy as prescribed. In severe cases, reniove fish and treat alone.
To test water for acid condition or for breeding purposes, it is well to have a TESTING KIT on hand. This handy kit can change the water from alkaline to acid by the application of certain chemicals contained therein and shows you how to obtain correct pH of your aquarium water.